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SPI Solar to acquire 360 MW worth of solar power projects in China

SPI Solar to acquire 360 MW worth of solar power projects in China

Solar Power, Inc. is set to become one of the largest solar developers in China....

Toyota hybrid exceeds 7 million mark in global sales

Toyota hybrid exceeds 7 million mark in global sales

The cumulative global sales of Toyota Motor Corporation’s hybrid vehicle have ex...

Suzlon eyes 2,000 MW of wind energy projects in India over next five years

Suzlon eyes 2,000 MW of wind energy projects in India over next five years

India-based wind turbine maker Suzlon has expressed its intent to build 2,000 me...

Solar power could be leading source of electricity by 2050

Solar power could be leading source of electricity by 2050

Solar power could overtake all other sources of electricity by 2050, according t...

U.N. chief welcomes announcements made in Climate Summit

U.N. chief welcomes announcements made in Climate Summit

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon welcomed bold new actions to addres...

Climate Summit sees intiatives and commitments

Climate Summit sees intiatives and commitments

Various bodies and entities on the Climate Summit in New York have announced the...

Climate Rally reaches 310,000 participants

Climate Rally reaches 310,000 participants

The number of people who joined the People’s Climate March this September 21 rea...

Business

Ford Motor dealerships to be powered by wind-solar energy system

Ford Motor dealerships to be powered by wind-solar energy system

Tuesday, 11 November 2014

The Ford Motor Company and Wind Energy Corporation will be bringing clean energy generation to four Ford dealerships in the United States. Under a pil...

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Technology

New oxygen-removing catalyst developed for better biofuel production

New oxygen-removing catalyst developed for better biofuel production

Thursday, 23 October 2014

Researchers from Washington State University have developed a new catalyst that can remove oxygen from plant-based materials for a more efficient biof...

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Politics

U.S., China announce significant emissions reduction cuts

U.S., China announce significant emissions reduction cuts

Thursday, 13 November 2014

The Governments of the United States and China have announced that they will be making huge emissions reduction cuts in the future. The two largest ec...

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Living Green

Water, waste and power: What you need to get off the grid

Water, waste and power: What you need to get off the grid

Friday, 07 November 2014

Most people wouldn't ever voluntarily go "off the grid" for more than a few days at a time. To them, the idea would only make sense if it was a weeken...

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Renewables

EDF EN Canada begins construction on 74-MW wind power project in Quebec

EDF EN Canada begins construction on 74-MW wind power project in Quebec

Thursday, 13 November 2014

EDF EN Canada is set to begin construction of the 74 megawatt Mont-Rothery wind project in Quebec. Following the government of Quebec’s issuance of a ...

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Low-Carbon

Best Eco Cars of 2014

Best Eco Cars of 2014

Wednesday, 12 November 2014

Eco-friendly cars, also referred to as green cars, are vehicles that have a lesser environmental impact than those that use fossil fuels like diesel o...

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Opinion

Unsustainable urban life: What's next?

Unsustainable urban life: What's next?

Wednesday, 11 June 2014

Nutrition plays a critical role in everyone’s chance at a better future. Hunger, said Benjamin Franklin once, is the best pickle. Some say “pickle”...

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Mascoma announces research advances in consolidated bioprocessing for biofuels


Company logo of Mascoma Corporation. Image sourced from Mascoma Corporation.

Mascoma Corporation has announced that the company has made research advances in consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), a low-cost processing strategy for the production of biofuels from cellulosic biomass.

The CBP process uses engineered microorganisms to produce cellulases and ethanol at high yield in a single step.
Multiple research advances presented by Mascoma Chief Technology Officer, Dr. Mike Ladisch at the 31st Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals in San Francisco provide proof of concept for CBP. These include advances with both bacteria that grow at high temperatures, called thermophiles, and recombinant cellulolytic yeast.

Thermophilic bacteria can produce nearly 6% wt/vol ethanol. A metabolically-engineered cellulose-fermenting themophile, Clostridium thermocellum, can lead to a reduced production of organic acid by-products and selected strains can also rapidly consume cellulose with high conversion and no added cellulose, and grow cellulose in the presence of commercial levels of ethanol.

Recombinant, cellulolytic yeast has a 3,000-fold increase in cellulose expression and a significant 2.5-fold reduction in the added cellulose required for conversion of pre-treated hardwood to ethanol. It also manages to complete elimination of added cellulose for conversion of waste paper sludge to ethanol.

“These advances enable the reduction in operating and capital costs required for cost-effective commercial production of ethanol, bringing Mascoma substantially closer to commercialization,” said Jim Flatt, Executive Vice President of Research, Development and Operations at Mascoma.

In February 2009, Mascoma announced that its pilot facility in Rome, NY had begun producing cellulosic ethanol. The demonstration facility, which was constructed with the support from the State of New York through the NYS Department of Agriculture & Markets and the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, has the flexibility to run on numerous biomass feedstocks including wood chips, tall grasses, corn stover (residual corn stalks) and sugar cane bagasse.

The facility will provide process performance engineering data sufficient to support construction of 1/10th scale and commercial scale biorefineries in Kinross, MI, with support from the Department of Energy and State of Michigan.


-
Katrice R. Jalbuena


Sources:

1 http://www.mascoma.com/news/pdf/Technology%20AdvancesRelease%20-%20050709%20FINAL.pdf
2 http://www.mascoma.com/

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