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Wind power to reach 47 gigawatts in 2014 – G.W.E.C.

Wind power to reach 47 gigawatts in 2014 – G.W.E.C.

The wind market is expected to reach installations of at least 47 gigawatts in 2...

Floating tidal current turbines to be installed in Canadian waters

Floating tidal current turbines to be installed in Canadian waters

Siemens business Marine Current Turbines Ltd., Bluewater Energy Services B.V., a...

Smog causes partial car ban in Paris – But is the Diesel Industry to blame?

Smog causes partial car ban in Paris – But is the Diesel Industry to blame?

There’s a choking, Beijingian smog hanging over Parisian skies. Warm, still cond...

Climate change is happening, affecting all areas of the globe – I.P.C.C.

Climate change is happening, affecting all areas of the globe – I.P.C.C.

The effect of climate change is already being felt worldwide, according the Inte...

Hong Kong extends its registration tax exemption for E.V.s

Hong Kong extends its registration tax exemption for E.V.s

Hong Kong has passed a resolution that will extend its first registration tax ex...

Make a green choice by purchasing eco-clothing for your kids

Make a green choice by purchasing eco-clothing for your kids

There are several benefits of organic kid’s clothing. As people are becoming env...

Restoring the beauty of the Chesapeake Bay

Restoring the beauty of the Chesapeake Bay

The Chesapeake Bay is America’s largest estuary, which is a body of water that l...

Business

Smog causes partial car ban in Paris – But is the Diesel Industry to blame?

Smog causes partial car ban in Paris – But is the Diesel Industry to blame?

Monday, 07 April 2014

There’s a choking, Beijingian smog hanging over Parisian skies. Warm, still conditions have caused car fumes and chemicals to collect above the city a...

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Technology

Politics

More time needed for a decision on Keystone XL Pipeline

More time needed for a decision on Keystone XL Pipeline

Wednesday, 23 April 2014

The United States Department of State will be extending its decision-making period on the submission of their views on the proposed Keystone Pipeline ...

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Living Green

Good cooperation between animals and humans can save the environment

Good cooperation between animals and humans can save the environment

Monday, 21 April 2014

Even though humans are regarded as the most intelligent beings of the lot, recent researches show that, without the help of some particular animals, i...

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Renewables

Low-Carbon

Five best green construction companies

Five best green construction companies

Wednesday, 23 April 2014

In this contemporary world, technological advancements and concerns about environmental conservation have given rise to the establishment of many gree...

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Opinion

Restoring the beauty of the Chesapeake Bay

Restoring the beauty of the Chesapeake Bay

Thursday, 27 March 2014

The Chesapeake Bay is America’s largest estuary, which is a body of water that links rivers to the sea and acts as a bridge between freshwater and sal...

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Climate change a factor in spread of diseases – W.H.O.

By Jhoanna Frances S. Valdez

Climate change a factor in spread of diseases – W.H.O.
Shifting drought, rainfall, gradually warming weather and other effects of climate change have allowed disease carrying insects such as mosquitoes to thrive.

Climate change may make it difficult for world governments to control the spread of diseases, especially the insect-borne ones, the World Health Organization said.

In a bulletin, W.H.O. climate change head Diarmid Campbell-Lendrum said the presence of warmer temperatures in the earth's atmosphere - climate models project the average surface temperature will rise by 1.1 degrees Celsius to 6.4 degrees Celsius over the 21st century - will make diseases like malaria and the West Nile virus harder to control as the climate can actually help disease-carrying insects thrive.

"Climate change is not going to invent any new diseases; it's going to make controlling existing diseases harder. We've been describing the links between climate change and health for quite a long time," he said.

Mr. Campbell-Lendrum said the erratic incidences of rainfall, humidity, temperature, coupled with a wetter weather will help boost the number of mosquitoes, as mosquitoes' survival decreases under dry conditions.

He added that shifting drought and rainfall and a gradually warming weather has made mountains more welcoming to mosquitoes.

According to him, the projected rise in sea level associated with climate change is likely to eliminate breeding habitats for salt-marsh mosquitoes. On the other hand, inland intrusion of salt water may turn former fresh water habitats into salt-marsh areas which could support vector and host species displaced from former salt-marsh habitat.

The W.H.O. estimates that global increase in malaria may be associated with a combination of deforestation, water development projects, and agricultural practices in poor countries.

"The West Nile pathogen - the warmer the temperature, the faster it moves from the blood to being transmitted. It usually takes a while for the virus to get into the mosquito's salivary glands. The biting rate also gets faster. So those things are all going to give you more transmission," said Marm Kilpatrick, an assistant professor in ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of California, Santa Cruz in an article in Scientific America.

The West Nile virus originated in Africa and emerged in North America in 1999, making it a relatively recent disease.

"It's possible that W.N.V. transmission is modulated primarily by rainfall and temperature, and if so, climatic conditions in 2002 and 2003 were especially suitable. If WNV transmission is regulated by climate, then severe epidemics could recur, especially if they are facilitated by climate change," Mr. Kilpatrick said.

"The same questions we're wondering about West Nile apply to malaria and dengue," said Mr. Kilpatrick.

According to the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention, dengue fever is one of the world's most common disease, with one-third of the world living in endemic areas and afflicting 900 million people worldwide.

Mr. Campbell-Lendrum said the disease risks are inequitable, as greenhouse gases that cause climate change originate mainly from developed countries, but the health risks are concentrated in the poorest nations, which have contributed least to the problem.

Also, forecasts of infectious diseases' responses to climate change are complicated by the difficulties associated with predicting how ecosystems will respond to changes in climate, she said.

The W.H.O. advises world governments to increase global disease surveillance, continue epidemiological research into associations between climatic factors and infectious diseases, and improve public health training, emergency response, and prevention and control programs.



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